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10个上班族9个颈椎病 发病率走高纳入职业病仍存争议

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019-09-16 12:25:54
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快三有龙虎吗【复制打开官方注册网址www.um288.com】主管QQ【123970342】【龙虎1赔2.211和赔9.95】最高返水,最高赔率,正规信誉大平台,平台24h提供注册及登录。10个上班族9个颈椎病 发病率走高纳入职业病仍存争议


  10个上班族9个颈椎病 发病率走高纳入职业病仍存争议

  

(“)(头)(晕)(、)(恶)(心)(,)(我)(这)(颈)(椎)(病)(又)(犯)(了)(。)(”)(“)(你)(这)(算)(工)(伤)(啊)(…)(…)(”)(没)(想)(到)(,)(生)(活)(中)(的)(一)(句)(玩)(笑)(话)(正)(有)(望)(成)(为)(现)(实)(。)

(日)(前)(,)(从)(“)(健)(康)(中)(国)(行)(动)(推)(进)(委)(员)(会)(办)(公)(室)(新)(闻)(发)(布)(会)(”)(上)(传)(出)(消)(息)(:)(职)(业)(健)(康)(保)(护)(行)(动)(将)(颈)(椎)(病)(、)(肩)(周)(炎)(、)(腰)(背)(痛)(、)(骨)(质)(增)(生)(、)(坐)(骨)(神)(经)(痛)(列)(为)(劳)(动)(者)(个)(人)(应)(当)(预)(防)(的)(疾)(病)(。)(针)(对)(这)(些)(目)(前)(“)(并)(非)(职)(业)(病)(”)(的)(疾)(病)(,)(中)(国)(疾)(病)(预)(防)(控)(制)(中)(心)(职)(业)(卫)(生)(与)(中)(毒)(控)(制)(所)(副)(所)(长)(孙)(新)(表)(示)(,)(未)(来)(或)(将)(其)(列)(为)(法)(定)(职)(业)(病)(。)

(发)(病)(率)(走)(高)(,)(纳)(入)(职)(业)(病)(仍)(存)(在)(争)(议)

(“)10(个)(上)(班)(族)(,)9(个)(颈)(椎)(痛)(。)(”)(当)(前)(,)(随)(着)(工)(作)(方)(式)(发)(生)(改)(变)(,)(人)(们)(久)(坐)(的)(时)(间)(越)(来)(越)(长)(。)(相)(应)(的)(,)(颈)(椎)(病)(、)(肩)(周)(炎)(、)(坐)(骨)(神)(经)(痛)(等)(疾)(病)(发)(病)(率)(也)(越)(来)(越)(高)(,)(而)(且)(呈)(年)(轻)(化)(趋)(势)(。)(因)(此)(,)(将)(其)(纳)(入)(职)(业)(病)(的)(呼)(声)(也)(是)(此)(起)(彼)(伏)(。)(那)(么)(,)(究)(竟)(什)(么)(是)(职)(业)(病)(,)(以)(上)(疾)(病)(有)(没)(有)(必)(要)(纳)(入)(职)(业)(病)(范)(畴)(呢)(?)

(孙)(新)(介)(绍)(,)(职)(业)(病)(是)(指)(企)(业)(、)(事)(业)(单)(位)(和)(个)(体)(经)(济)(组)(织)(等)(用)(人)(单)(位)(的)(劳)(动)(者)(在)(职)(业)(活)(动)(中)(,)(因)(为)(接)(触)(粉)(尘)(、)(放)(射)(性)(物)(质)(和)(其)(他)(有)(毒)(有)(害)(物)(质)(等)(因)(素)(而)(引)(起)(的)(疾)(病)(。)(在)(我)(国)(,)(只)(有)(被)(列)(入)(职)(业)(病)(目)(录)(的)(疾)(病)(才)(属)(于)(法)(定)(职)(业)(病)(范)(畴)(。)

(目)(前)(我)(国)(的)(《)(职)(业)(病)(分)(类)(和)(目)(录)(》)(包)(含)(十)(大)(类)132(种)(疾)(病)(。)(具)(体)(来)(讲)(,)(这)(十)(大)(类)(职)(业)(病)(分)(别)(为)(:)(职)(业)(性)(尘)(肺)(病)(及)(其)(他)(呼)(吸)(系)(统)(疾)(病)(、)(职)(业)(性)(皮)(肤)(病)(、)(职)(业)(性)(眼)(病)(、)(职)(业)(性)(耳)(鼻)(喉)(口)(腔)(疾)(病)(、)(职)(业)(性)(化)(学)(中)(毒)(、)(物)(理)(因)(素)(所)(致)(职)(业)(病)(、)(职)(业)(性)(放)(射)(性)(疾)(病)(、)(职)(业)(性)(传)(染)(病)(、)(职)(业)(性)(肿)(瘤)(和)(其)(他)(职)(业)(病)(。)

(也)(就)(是)(说)(,)(根)(据)(《)(职)(业)(病)(分)(类)(和)(目)(录)(》)(,)(颈)(椎)(病)(、)(肩)(周)(炎)(、)(腰)(背)(痛)(、)(骨)(质)(增)(生)(、)(坐)(骨)(神)(经)(痛)(等)(疾)(病)(尚)(未)(被)(列)(入)(职)(业)(病)(,)(这)(几)(类)(疾)(病)(并)(非)(我)(国)(法)(定)(的)(职)(业)(病)(。)(但)(孙)(新)(强)(调)(,)(这)(些)(病)(其)(实)(都)(是)(与)(职)(业)(活)(动)(有)(关)(的)(疾)(病)(。)

(至)(于)(是)(否)(有)(望)(纳)(入)(职)(业)(病)(,)(有)(专)(家)(表)(示)(,)(按)(照)(我)(国)(《)(工)(伤)(保)(险)(条)(例)(》)(,)(职)(业)(病)(被)(自)(动)(视)(为)(工)(伤)(,)(普)(通)(劳)(动)(者)(可)(享)(受)(工)(伤)(保)(险)(待)(遇)(。)(一)(种)(疾)(病)(是)(否)(纳)(入)(职)(业)(病)(范)(畴)(,)(应)(从)(职)(业)(病)(的)(基)(本)(特)(点)(来)(考)(虑)(。)(具)(体)(而)(言)(,)(从)(事)(某)(一)(类)(职)(业)(的)(工)(作)(人)(员)(,)(其)(工)(作)(时)(的)(身)(体)(姿)(势)(,)(或)(者)(工)(作)(状)(态)(必)(然)(会)(导)(致)(产)(生)(某)(种)(疾)(病)(。)

(而)(从)(理)(论)(和)(实)(践)(来)(看)(,)(将)(颈)(椎)(病)(等)(上)(述)(疾)(病)(纳)(入)(职)(业)(病)(都)(存)(在)(较)(大)(障)(碍)(。)(职)(业)(病)(强)(调)(疾)(病)(的)(职)(业)(关)(联)(性)(,)(即)(劳)(动)(者)(患)(病)(是)(因)(为)(职)(业)(危)(害)(导)(致)(。)(然)(而)(,)(很)(难)(认)(定)(颈)(椎)(病)(等)(疾)(病)(与)(职)(业)(有)(必)(然)(的)(关)(联)(性)(,)(长)(期)(使)(用)(电)(脑)(或)(者)(久)(坐)(的)(职)(业)(可)(能)(导)(致)(颈)(椎)(病)(;)(但)(生)(活)(中)(个)(人)(的)(不)(良)(习)(惯)(,)(如)(不)(正)(确)(的)(坐)(姿)(、)(长)(期)(低)(头)(使)(用)(手)(机)(等)(行)(为)(,)(也)(有)(可)(能)(导)(致)(颈)(椎)(病)(。)

(范)(围)(在)(扩)(大)(,)(快)(递)(小)(哥)(也)(是)(高)(危)(人)(群)

(“)(容)(易)(罹)(患)(颈)(腰)(腿)(痛)(、)(肩)(周)(疾)(病)(、)(骨)(质)(增)(生)(的)(职)(业)(人)(群)(范)(围)(和)(人)(数)(都)(在)(扩)(大)(。)(”)(清)(华)(大)(学)(附)(属)(北)(京)(清)(华)(长)(庚)(医)(院)(骨)(科)(副)(主)(任)(医)(师)(宋)(飞)(说)(,)(以)(往)(,)(这)(些)(只)(有)(重)(体)(力)(劳)(动)(者)(才)(容)(易)(出)(现)(的)(症)(状)(,)(随)(着)(生)(活)(节)(奏)(的)(加)(快)(和)(生)(活)(方)(式)(的)(改)(变)(,)(很)(多)(脑)(力)(劳)(动)(者)(和)(青)(少)(年)(,)(也)(遭)(受)(到)(了)(同)(样)(问)(题)(的)(困)(扰)(。)

(具)(体)(哪)(些)(职)(业)(人)(群)(更)(易)(罹)(患)(此)(类)(疾)(病)(?)(宋)(飞)(介)(绍)(,)(首)(先)(是)(重)(体)(力)(劳)(动)(者)(,)(尤)(其)(是)(弯)(腰)(较)(多)(,)(或)(搬)(运)(重)(物)(的)(人)(,)(腰)(椎)(负)(荷)(过)(大)(,)(依)(旧)(是)(患)(病)(的)(主)(要)(人)(群)(。)(目)(前)(,)(除)(传)(统)(的)(产)(业)(工)(人)(外)(,)(随)(着)(物)(流)(业)(的)(发)(展)(,)(快)(递)(小)(哥)(也)(成)(为)(高)(危)(人)(群)(。)

(其)(次)(是)(长)(期)(伏)(案)(工)(作)(者)(。)(各)(种)(姿)(态)(比)(较)(,)(坐)(姿)(加)(上)(驼)(背)(对)(脊)(柱)(、)(椎)(间)(盘)(形)(成)(的)(压)(力)(最)(大)(,)(天)(长)(日)(久)(,)(可)(能)(导)(致)(骨)(质)(增)(生)(,)(间)(盘)(退)(变)(、)(突)(出)(。)(如)(教)(师)(、)IT(从)(业)(者)(,)(包)(括)(医)(生)(自)(己)(都)(容)(易)(罹)(患)(此)(类)(疾)(病)(。)

(再)(就)(是)(体)(重)(过)(重)(的)(人)(群)(。)(脊)(柱)(关)(节)(是)(承)(担)(人)(体)(重)(量)(和)(保)(持)(身)(体)(稳)(定)(的)(器)(官)(,)(其)(中)(颈)(椎)(和)(腰)(椎)(在)(承)(重)(和)(“)(维)(稳)(”)(的)(基)(础)(上)(,)(还)(是)(承)(载)(活)(动)(的)(器)(官)(。)(如)(果)(体)(重)(过)(重)(,)(脊)(柱)(出)(现)(疲)(劳)(、)(“)(早)(衰)(”)(的)(风)(险)(就)(会)(变)(高)(。)(职)(业)(女)(性)(中)(,)(处)(于)(怀)(孕)(和)(妊)(娠)(期)(的)(人)(群)(,)(体)(重)(快)(速)(增)(长)(,)(加)(之)(孕)(产)(期)(韧)(带)(松)(弛)(,)(成)(为)(了)(此)(类)(疾)(病)(的)(高)(发)(人)(群)(。)

(此)(外)(,)(还)(有)(缺)(乏)(锻)(炼)(的)(人)(群)(。)(不)(当)(的)(锻)(炼)(可)(能)(会)(损)(伤)(人)(体)(运)(动)(结)(构)(,)(但)(长)(期)(缺)(乏)(锻)(炼)(却)(是)(腰)(痛)(的)(高)(危)(因)(素)(。)(因)(为)(健)(康)(和)(坚)(强)(的)(肌)(肉)(,)(是)(保)(护)(骨)(骼)(、)(关)(节)(、)(韧)(带)(的)(最)(重)(要)(结)(构)(,)(肌)(肉)(分)(担)(了)(荷)(载)(和)(稳)(定)(的)(工)(作)(,)(脊)(柱)(关)(节)(的)(“)(工)(作)(”)(才)(能)(轻)(松)(一)(些)(。)

(宋)(飞)(表)(示)(,)(综)(上)(可)(以)(看)(出)(,)(预)(防)(颈)(腰)(腿)(痛)(、)(肩)(周)(疾)(病)(、)(骨)(质)(增)(生)(等)(此)(类)(疾)(病)(的)(关)(键)(是)(:)(避)(免)(过)(劳)(、)(不)(良)(姿)(势)(和)(久)(站)(久)(坐)(,)(注)(意)(饮)(食)(和)(减)(肥)(,)(选)(择)(适)(宜)(的)(锻)(炼)(方)(法)(,)(这)(样)(才)(能)(有)(效)(预)(防)(脊)(柱)(关)(节)(疾)(病)(。)(从)(政)(策)(层)(面)(来)(看)(,)(则)(应)(加)(强)(劳)(动)(保)(护)(,)(限)(制)(加)(班)(和)(高)(强)(度)(工)(作)(,)(保)(障)(劳)(动)(者)(休)(息)(和)(锻)(炼)(的)(时)(间)(,)(鼓)(励)(用)(人)(单)(位)(创)(造)(运)(动)(的)(场)(地)(和)(条)(件)(等)(。)

(孙)(新)(也)(认)(为)(,)(加)(强)(职)(业)(健)(康)(需)(要)(政)(府)(、)(企)(业)(、)(个)(人)(共)(同)(参)(与)(。)(政)(府)(要)(发)(挥)(主)(导)(作)(用)(,)(负)(责)(制)(定)(职)(业)(健)(康)(制)(度)(设)(计)(和)(规)(划)(,)(并)(督)(促)(落)(实)(,)(加)(强)(监)(管)(。)(企)(业)(则)(要)(承)(担)(职)(工)(健)(康)(的)(主)(体)(责)(任)(。)(就)(个)(人)(来)(讲)(,)(如)(健)(康)(中)(国)(行)(动)(所)(言)(,)(每)(个)(人)(是)(自)(己)(健)(康)(的)(第)(一)(责)(任)(人)(,)(更)(应)(加)(强)(防)(范)(,)(提)(升)(自)(身)(职)(业)(健)(康)(意)(识)(和)(素)(养)(。)

(锻)(炼)(宜)(适)(量)(,)(坚)(持)(不)(懈)(才)(能)(缓)(解)(病)(痛)

(带)(病)(工)(作)(,)(轻)(伤)(不)(下)(火)(线)(…)(…)(生)(活)(中)(,)(这)(样)(的)(人)(不)(在)(少)(数)(。)(那)(么)(,)(对)(已)(经)(不)(幸)(“)(中)(招)(”)(又)(不)(得)(不)(继)(续)(从)(事)(相)(关)(工)(作)(的)(人)(来)(说)(,)(有)(没)(有)(好)(的)(办)(法)(来)(缓)(解)(病)(痛)(呢)(?)

(宋)(飞)(表)(示)(,)(对)(于)(脊)(柱)(关)(节)(类)(退)(变)(及)(劳)(损)(性)(疾)(病)(,)(缓)(解)(和)(预)(防)(疾)(病)(进)(展)(的)(基)(本)(原)(则)(是)(,)(症)(状)(急)(性)(期)(需)(要)(充)(分)(休)(息)(,)(适)(当)(给)(予)(药)(物)(和)(物)(理)(治)(疗)(。)(缓)(解)(期)(应)(加)(强)(肌)(肉)(软)(组)(织)(功)(能)(锻)(炼)(,)(重)(点)(是)(患)(病)(部)(位)(周)(边)(肌)(肉)(的)(锻)(炼)(,)(以)(分)(担)(负)(荷)(,)(保)(护)(关)(节)(。)(在)(运)(动)(项)(目)(中)(,)(像)(游)(泳)(、)(慢)(跑)(都)(是)(较)(为)(有)(效)(的)(锻)(炼)(方)(式)(,)(不)(过)(锻)(炼)(也)(要)(适)(宜)(,)(不)(要)(过)(量)(。)(日)(常)(工)(作)(和)(生)(活)(中)(,)(则)(应)(避)(免)(久)(坐)(、)(低)(头)(、)(弯)(腰)(、)(负)(重)(,)(以)(及)(爬)(山)(爬)(楼)(等)(反)(复)(屈)(伸)(的)(活)(动)(。)

(以)(腰)(痛)(为)(例)(,)(宋)(飞)(建)(议)(,)(可)(以)(尝)(试)(以)(下)(几)(种)(较)(易)(做)(到)(的)(锻)(炼)(方)(法)(:)(一)(是)(“)(小)(燕)(飞)(”)(。)(“)(这)(种)(方)(法)(简)(单)(有)(效)(,)(但)(是)(对)(体)(力)(有)(所)(要)(求)(。)(”)(宋)(飞)(说)(,)(具)(体)(做)(法)(是)(趴)(在)(床)(上)(,)(胸)(腹)(部)(接)(触)(床)(面)(,)(头)(部)(和)(四)(肢)(绷)(直)(向)(上)(翘)(,)(坚)(持)5(—)10(秒)(钟)(,)(反)(复)(操)(作)(。)(每)(次)5(—)15(分)(钟)(,)(这)(一)(方)(法)(适)(合)(体)(力)(较)(好)(的)(中)(青)(年)(人)(群)(,)(睡)(前)(和)(早)(起)(各)(做)(一)(组)(很)(方)(便)(。)

(二)(是)(“)(平)(板)(支)(撑)(”)(。)(主)(要)(锻)(炼)(核)(心)(肌)(群)(,)(当)(然)(也)(包)(括)(腰)(背)(部)(的)(脊)(柱)(稳)(定)(肌)(。)(不)(过)(也)(要)(量)(力)(而)(行)(,)(一)(次)(的)(记)(录)(不)(重)(要)(,)(关)(键)(是)(要)(保)(持)(锻)(炼)(习)(惯)(,)(坚)(持)(不)(懈)(。)

(三)(是)(“)(五)(点)(支)(撑)(”)(。)(这)(一)(方)(法)(难)(度)(系)(数)(比)(“)(小)(燕)(飞)(”)(低)(,)(只)(需)(躺)(在)(床)(上)(,)(屈)(肘)(屈)(膝)(,)(以)(头)(枕)(部)(、)(双)(肘)(、)(双)(足)(着)(床)(,)(将)(腰)(臀)(部)(抬)(离)(床)(面)(悬)(空)(。)

(宋)(飞)(说)(,)(其)(他)(如)(颈)(椎)(和)(膝)(、)(肩)(关)(节)(的)(锻)(炼)(方)(式)(,)(原)(则)(也)(是)(一)(样)(的)(,)(适)(度)(就)(好)(。)


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